Vertebral Compression Fractures (VCFs)

Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) occur when the bony block or vertebral body in the spine collapses, which can lead to severe pain, deformity and loss of height. These fractures more commonly occur in the thoracic spine (the middle portion of the spine), especially in the lower part. Each vertebral region has unique anatomical and functional features that result in specific injuries.

Types of Vertebral Fractures

There are a few different types of vertebral fractures. These fractures can be the result of a North Carolina automobile accident.

  • Compression Fracture: This type of fracture is quite common in patients with osteoporosis, or patients whose bones have been weakened by other diseases (such as bone cancer). The vertebra can absorb so much pressure; if there is a sudden force of a lot of pressure, the bone may not be able to handle the stress. The vertebra can fracture then.
  • Burst Fracture: Burst fractures are caused by severe trauma (such as a car wreck). They happen when the vertebra is essentially crushed by extreme forces. Unlike compression fractures, it is not just one part of the vertebra that is fractured. In a burst fracture, the vertebra is fractured in multiple places. Because the vertebra is crushed completely, bony fragments can spread out and cause spinal cord injury. Burst fractures are more severe than compression fractures.
  • Flexion-distraction Fractures: If you are in a car accident where your body is pushed forward, you may get a flexion-distraction fracture. Your spine is made to flex forward, but if there is a sudden forward movement that places incredible stress on the spine, it may break a vertebra or vertebrae.
  • Fracture-dislocation: If you have any of the above fractures and the vertebra(e) moves significantly (dislocation), you have a fracture-dislocation.

Symptoms of Vertebral Fractures

Spinal fractures do not always involve pain, so even after a traumatic event such as a car accident, you may not know that you have a fracture. That is why it is important to have a thorough examination by a doctor after a traumatic event.

However, a spinal fracture may cause severe pain around the area of injury. A spinal fracture may also cause swelling around the injury.

If the spinal fracture is pressing on a nerve or the spinal cord, you may have neurological symptoms such as:

  • weakness/numbness in your arms or legs
  • pain that travels down your arms or legs
  • difficultly walking or moving
  • bowel/bladder problems

If you have any of the above neurological symptoms—even if you don’t have pain—you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

Treatment for Vertebral Fractures

Most fractures heal with medication, reduction in activity, medications to stabilize bone density, and a good back brace to minimize motion during the healing process. Most people return to their everyday activities. Depending on the severity of your fracture, you might need surgery or further treatment.

Surgical procedures used to treat fractures are:

  • Vertebroplasty: This procedure is effective for relieving pain from spinal compression fractures and helping to stabilize the fracture.
  • Kyphoplasty: This procedure helps correct the bone deformity and relieves the pain associated with spinal compression fractures.
  • Spinal fusion surgery: used for spinal compression fractures to eliminate motion between two vertebrae and relieve pain.

Representation for North Carolina Personal Injuries

If you or a loved one has been injured as the result of someone else’s negligence, please do not hesitate to contact Maginnis Law. Our lead personal injury attorney, T. Shawn Howard, is experienced in handling complex personal injury claims for those who have been hurt in North Carolina automobile accidents or tractor-trailer collisions.

You can contact the Raleigh personal injury attorneys of Maginnis Law at 919.526.0450 or you can reach out to Mr. Howard directly at 919.480.8525. You can also email our firm at